A North Dakota Online Theft / Shoplifting class

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North Dakota Theft Laws
North Dakota Theft Laws

 

North Dakota Theft / Shoplifting classes

The Theft Talk Online Services (TTOS) online Theft / Shoplifting class is among the most widely accepted, comprehensive, affordable and effective way to gain Theft / Shoplifting skills. This Theft / Shoplifting class was written and prepared for court ordered clients, students, employees and for personal growth. The TTOS online Theft / Shoplifting class is listed as an acceptedTheft / Shoplifting program throughout the United States, including North Dakota, Canada, and abroad. Our web-based online Theft / Shoplifting class includes:

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* Log in, Log out 24 hours a day 7 days a week.

* Online exam following each chapter and a final exam.

* Immediately upon completion printable Certificate of Completion for verification.

* Accepted by Court, Probation Officer or Schools in North Dakota, or money-back guaranteed.

This North Dakota online Theft / Shoplifting class was designed to meet North Dakota court, probation department, diversion program, school and human resource department requirements. Our online Theft / Shoplifting classes are an effective, convenient and less expensive way of learning how to correct theft related problems that may arise for you and others needing a North Dakota Theft / Shoplifting class.

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North Dakota Theft Laws
North Dakota Theft Laws

 

CHAPTER 12.1-23
THEFT AND RELATED OFFENSES


12.1-23-01. Consolidation of theft offenses.
1. Conduct denominated theft in sections 12.1-23-02 to 12.1-23-04 constitutes a single
offense designed to include the separate offenses heretofore known as larceny,
stealing, purloining, embezzlement, obtaining money or property by false pretenses,
extortion, blackmail, fraudulent conversion, receiving stolen property,
misappropriation of public funds, swindling, and the like.
2. An indictment, information, or complaint charging theft under sections 12.1-23-02 to
12.1-23-04 which fairly apprises the defendant of the nature of the charges against
him shall not be deemed insufficient because it fails to specify a particular category
of theft. The defendant may be found guilty of theft under such an indictment,
information, or complaint if his conduct falls under sections 12.1-23-02 to
12.1-23-04, so long as the conduct proved is sufficiently related to the conduct
charged that the accused is not unfairly surprised by the case he must meet.

12.1-23-02. Theft of property. A person is guilty of theft if he:
1. Knowingly takes or exercises unauthorized control over, or makes an unauthorized
transfer of an interest in, the property of another with intent to deprive the owner
thereof;
2. Knowingly obtains the property of another by deception or by threat with intent to
deprive the owner thereof, or intentionally deprives another of his property by
deception or by threat; or
3. Knowingly receives, retains, or disposes of property of another which has been
stolen, with intent to deprive the owner thereof.
12.1-23-02.1. Disarming or attempting to disarm a law enforcement officer.
Notwithstanding subdivision d of subsection 2 of section 12.1-23-05, a person is guilty of a
class C felony if, without the consent of the law enforcement officer, the person willfully takes or
removes, or attempts to take or remove, a firearm from a law enforcement officer engaged in the
performance of official duties.

12.1-23-03. Theft of services. A person is guilty of theft if:
1. He intentionally obtains services, known by him to be available only for
compensation, by deception, threat, false token, or other means to avoid payment
for the services; or
2. Having control over the disposition of services of another to which he is not entitled,
he knowingly diverts those services to his own benefit or to the benefit of another not
entitled thereto.
Where compensation for services is ordinarily paid immediately upon their rendition, as in the
case of hotels, restaurants, and comparable establishments, absconding without payment or
making provision to pay is prima facie evidence that the services were obtained by deception.

12.1-23-04. Theft of property lost, mislaid, or delivered by mistake. A person is
guilty of theft if he:

1. Retains or disposes of property of another when he knows it has been lost or
mislaid; or
2. Retains or disposes of property of another when he knows it has been delivered
under a mistake as to the identity of the recipient or as to the nature or amount of the
property,
and with intent to deprive the owner of it, he fails to take readily available and reasonable
measures to restore the property to a person entitled to have it.

12.1-23-05. Grading of theft offenses.
1. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 2, theft under this chapter is a class B
felony if the property or services stolen exceed ten thousand dollars in value or are
acquired or retained by a threat to commit a class A or class B felony or to inflict
serious bodily injury on the person threatened or on any other person.
2. Theft under this chapter is a class C felony if:
a. The property or services stolen exceed five hundred dollars in value;
b. The property or services stolen are acquired or retained by threat and (1) are
acquired or retained by a public servant by a threat to take or withhold official
action, or (2) exceed fifty dollars in value;
c. The property or services stolen exceed fifty dollars in value and are acquired or
retained by a public servant in the course of official duties;
d. The property stolen is a firearm, ammunition, explosive or destructive device, or
an automobile, aircraft, or other motor-propelled vehicle;
e. The property consists of any government file, record, document, or other
government paper stolen from any government office or from any public
servant;
f. The defendant is in the business of buying or selling stolen property and the
defendant receives, retains, or disposes of the property in the course of that
business;
g. The property stolen consists of any implement, paper, or other thing uniquely
associated with the preparation of any money, stamp, bond, or other document,
instrument, or obligation of this state;
h. The property stolen consists of livestock taken from the premises of the owner;
i. The property stolen consists of a key or other implement uniquely suited to
provide access to property the theft of which would be a felony and it was
stolen to gain such access; or
j. The property stolen is a card, plate, or other credit device existing for the
purpose of obtaining money, property, labor, or services on credit, or is a debit
card, electronic fund transfer card, code, or other means of access to an
account for the purposes of initiating electronic fund transfers.
3. All other theft under this chapter is a class A misdemeanor, unless the requirements
of subsection 4 are met.
4. Theft under this chapter of property or services of a value not exceeding two
hundred fifty dollars shall be a class B misdemeanor if:
a. The theft was not committed by threat;
b. The theft was not committed by deception by one who stood in a confidential or
fiduciary relationship to the victim of the theft; and
c. The defendant was not a public servant or an officer or employee of a financial
institution who committed the theft in the course of official duties.
The special classification provided in this subsection shall apply if the offense is
classified under this subsection in the charge or if, at sentencing, the required factors
are established by a preponderance of the evidence.
5. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 3 of section 12.1-06-01, an attempt to
commit a theft under this chapter is punishable equally with the completed offense
when the actor has completed all of the conduct which he believes necessary on his
part to complete the theft except receipt of the property.
6. For purposes of grading, the amount involved in a theft under this chapter shall be
the highest value by any reasonable standard, regardless of the actor's knowledge
of such value, of the property or services which were stolen by the actor, or which
the actor believed that the actor was stealing, or which the actor could reasonably
have anticipated to have been the property or services involved. Thefts committed
pursuant to one scheme or course of conduct, whether from the same person or
several persons, may be charged as one offense and the amounts proved to have
been stolen may be aggregated in determining the grade of the offense.

12.1-23-06. Unauthorized use of a vehicle.
1. A person is guilty of an offense if, knowing that he does not have the consent of the
owner, he takes, operates, or exercises control over an automobile, train, aircraft,
motorcycle, motorboat, or other motor-propelled vehicle of another.
2. It is a defense to a prosecution under this section that the actor reasonably believed
that the owner would have consented had he known of the conduct on which the
prosecution was based.
3. The offense is a class C felony if the vehicle is an aircraft or if the value of the use of
the vehicle and the cost of retrieval and restoration exceeds five hundred dollars.
Otherwise the offense is a class A misdemeanor.

12.1-23-07. Misapplication of entrusted property.
1. A person is guilty of misapplication of entrusted property if the person disposes of,
uses, or transfers any interest in property that has been entrusted to the person as a
fiduciary, or in the person's capacity as a public servant or an officer, director, agent,
employee of, or a person controlling a financial institution, in a manner that the
person knows is not authorized and that the person knows to involve a risk of loss or
detriment to the owner of the property or to the government or other person for
whose benefit the property was entrusted.
2. Misapplication of entrusted property is:
a. A class B felony if the value of the property misapplied exceeds ten thousand
dollars.
b. A class C felony if the value of the property misapplied exceeds five hundred
dollars but does not exceed ten thousand dollars.
c. A class A misdemeanor if the value of the property misapplied exceeds two
hundred fifty dollars but does not exceed five hundred dollars.
d. A class B misdemeanor in all other cases.

12.1-23-08. Defrauding secured creditors.
1. An owner of property who creates a security interest in such property may not
intentionally alter, conceal, destroy, damage, encumber, transfer, remove, or
otherwise deal with property that is subject to the security interest without the prior
consent of the secured party if that action has the effect of hindering the
enforcement of the security interest.
2. A person may not destroy, remove, damage, conceal, encumber, transfer, or
otherwise deal with property that is subject to a security interest with the intent to
prevent collection of the debt represented by the security interest.
3. A person may not, at the time of sale of property that is subject to a security interest,
or is described in a certificate provided for under section 41-09-28, make false
statements as to the existence of security interests in the property, or as to the
ownership or location of the property.
4. A violation of subsection 2 or 3 must be prosecuted as theft under section
12.1-23-02 or 12.1-23-04. Violation of subsection 2 or 3 is a class C felony if the
property has a value of more than five hundred dollars, as determined under
subsection 6 of section 12.1-23-05. In all other cases, violation of this section is a
class A misdemeanor.

12.1-23-08.1. Removal of identification marks.
1. A person commits the offense of removal of identification marks if he, with intent to
cause interruption of the ownership of another, defaces, erases, or otherwise alters
any serial number or identification mark placed or inscribed on any personal property
by the manufacturer or owner for the purpose of identifying the personal property or
its component parts, provided the personal property exceeds one hundred dollars in
value. A person removes identification marks if he attempts to or succeeds in
erasing, defacing, altering, or removing a serial number or identification mark or part
thereof, on the personal property of another, that exceeds one hundred dollars in
value.
2. A person who commits the offense of removal of identification marks on property or
its component parts which exceeds one hundred dollars in value is guilty of a class A
misdemeanor.

12.1-23-08.2. Possession of altered property.
1. A person is guilty of the offense of possession of altered property if he possesses
property the identifying features of which, including serial numbers or labels, have
been removed or in any fashion altered, knowing the serial number or identification
mark placed on the same by the manufacturer or owner for the purpose of
identification, has been erased, altered, changed, or removed for the purpose of
changing the identity of such personal property.
2. A person who commits the offense of possession of altered property or its
component parts which exceed one hundred dollars in value, shall be guilty of a
class A misdemeanor. In the event that more than one item of personal property is
defaced, erased, or otherwise altered or unlawfully possessed, as specified in
sections 12.1-23-08.2 and 12.1-23-08.3, by an individual, then an offense is
determined to be committed under this section if the aggregate of the value of the
property so defaced, erased, or otherwise altered or unlawfully possessed is in
excess of one hundred dollars.

12.1-23-08.3. Dealing in stolen property.
1. A person is guilty of the offense of dealing in stolen property if he:
a. Traffics in, or endeavors to traffic in, the property of another that has been
stolen; or
b. Initiates, organizes, plans, finances, directs, manages, or supervises the theft
and trafficking in the property of another that has been stolen.
2. A person who commits the offense of dealing in stolen property in violation of:
a. Subdivision a of subsection 1 shall be guilty of a class C felony; or
b. Subdivision b of subsection 1 shall be guilty of a class B felony.

12.1-23-08.4. Duplication of keys.
1. Except as provided in subsection 2, no person shall duplicate or make a key from
another key marked with the words "Do Not Duplicate", "Do Not Copy", or words of
similar intent.
2. It shall be an affirmative defense to prosecution under subsection 1 that:
a. The person made or duplicated the key for his employer, solely for use within
the employer's place of business.
b. The person for whom the key was made or duplicated owns the lock which the
key fits.
3. Any person who violates any provision of this section is guilty of a class B
misdemeanor.

12.1-23-09. Defenses and proof as to theft and related offenses.
1. It is a defense to a prosecution under this chapter that:
a. The actor honestly believed that he had a claim to the property or services
involved which he was entitled to assert in the manner which forms the basis
for the charge against him; or
b. The victim is the actor's spouse, but only when the property involved constitutes
household or personal effects or other property normally accessible to both
spouses and the parties involved are living together. The term "spouse", as
used in this section, includes persons living together as husband and wife.
2. It does not constitute a defense to a prosecution for conduct constituting an offense
in violation of this chapter that:
a. Stratagem or deception, including the use of an undercover operative or law
enforcement officer, was employed;
b. A facility or an opportunity to engage in such conduct, including offering for sale
property not stolen as if it were stolen, was provided; or
c. Mere solicitation that would not induce an ordinary law-abiding person to
engage in such conduct was made by a law enforcement officer to gain
evidence against a person predisposed to engage in such conduct.
3. a. It is a prima facie case of theft under this chapter if it is shown that a public
servant or an officer, director, agent, employee of, or a person connected in any
capacity with a financial institution has failed to pay or account upon lawful
demand for money or property entrusted to him as part of his official duties or if
an audit reveals a shortage or falsification of his accounts.
b. It is a prima facie case of theft under this chapter if it is shown that a person,
having successfully bid on and obtained an item at an auction, removed the
item from the auction premises without paying or making provisions to pay for
the item.
c. Proof of the purchase or sale of stolen property at a price substantially below its
fair market value, unless satisfactorily explained, gives rise to an inference that
the person buying or selling the property was aware of the risk that it had been
stolen.
d. Proof of the purchase or sale of stolen property by a dealer in property, out of
the regular course of business, or without the usual indicia of ownership other
than mere possession, unless satisfactorily explained, gives rise to an inference
that the person buying or selling the property was aware of the risk that it had
been stolen.
4. The testimony of an accomplice, if believed beyond a reasonable doubt, is sufficient
for a conviction for conduct constituting an offense in violation of sections
12.1-23-08.1 through 12.1-23-08.3 when:
a. Stratagem or deception, including the use of an undercover operative or law
enforcement officer, was employed;
b. A facility or an opportunity to engage in such conduct including offering for sale
property not stolen as if it were stolen, was provided; or
c. Mere solicitation that would not induce an ordinary law-abiding person to
engage in such conduct was made by a law enforcement officer to gain
evidence against a person predisposed to engage in such conduct.

12.1-23-10. Definitions for theft and related offenses. In this chapter:
1. "Dealer in property" means a person who buys or sells property as a business.
2. "Deception" means:
a. Creating or reinforcing a false impression as to fact, law, status, value,
intention, or other state of mind; or obtaining or attempting to obtain public
assistance by concealing a material fact, making a false statement or
representation, impersonating another, concealing the transfer of property
without adequate consideration, or using any other fraudulent method; but
deception as to a person's intention to perform a promise may not be inferred
from the fact alone that the person did not substantially perform the promise
unless it is part of a continuing scheme to defraud;
b. Preventing another from acquiring information which would affect his judgment
of a transaction;
c. Failing to correct a false impression which the actor previously created or
reinforced, or which he knows to be influencing another to whom he stands in a
fiduciary or confidential relationship;
d. Failing to correct an impression which the actor previously created or reinforced
and which the actor knows to have become false due to subsequent events;
e. Failing to disclose a lien, adverse claim, or other impediment to the enjoyment
of property which he transfers or encumbers in consideration for the property
obtained or in order to continue to deprive another of his property, whether such
impediment is or is not valid, or is or is not a matter of official record;
f. Using a credit card, charge plate, or any other instrument which purports to
evidence an undertaking to pay for property or services delivered or rendered to
or upon the order of a designated person or bearer (1) where such instrument
has been stolen, forged, revoked, or canceled, or where for any other reason its
use by the actor is unauthorized, and (2) where the actor does not have the
intention and ability to meet all obligations to the issuer arising out of his use of
the instrument; or
g. Any other scheme to defraud. The term "deception" does not, however, include
falsifications as to matters having no pecuniary significance, or puffing by
statements unlikely to deceive ordinary persons in the group addressed.
"Puffing" means an exaggerated commendation of wares in communications
addressed to the public or to a class or group.
3. "Deprive" means:
a. To withhold property or to cause it to be withheld either permanently or under
such circumstances that a major portion of its economic value, or its use and
benefit, has, in fact, been appropriated;
b. To withhold property or to cause it to be withheld with the intent to restore it
only upon the payment of a reward or other compensation; or
c. To dispose of property or use it or transfer any interest in it under
circumstances that make its restoration, in fact, unlikely.
4. "Fiduciary" means a trustee, guardian, executor, administrator, receiver, or any other
person acting in a fiduciary capacity, or any person carrying on fiduciary functions on
behalf of a corporation, limited liability company, or other organization which is a
fiduciary.
5. "Financial institution" means a bank, insurance company, credit union, safety deposit
company, savings and loan association, investment trust, or other organization held
out to the public as a place of deposit of funds or medium of savings or collective
investment.
6. "Obtain" means:
a. In relation to property, to bring about a transfer or purported transfer of an
interest in the property, whether to the actor or another.
b. In relation to services, to secure performance thereof.
7. "Property" means any money, tangible or intangible personal property, property
(whether real or personal) the location of which can be changed (including things
growing on, affixed to, or found in land and documents although the rights
represented thereby have no physical location), contract right, chose-in-action,
interest in or claim to wealth, credit, or any other article or thing of value of any kind.
"Property" also means real property the location of which cannot be moved if the
offense involves transfer or attempted transfer of an interest in the property.
8. "Property of another" means property in which a person other than the actor or in
which a government has an interest which the actor is not privileged to infringe
without consent, regardless of the fact that the actor also has an interest in the
property and regardless of the fact that the other person or government might be
precluded from civil recovery because the property was used in an unlawful
transaction or was subject to forfeiture as contraband. Property in possession of the
actor shall not be deemed property of another who has a security interest therein,
even if legal title is in the creditor pursuant to a conditional sales contract or other
security agreement. "Owner" means any person or a government with an interest in
property such that it is "property of another" as far as the actor is concerned.
9. "Receiving" means acquiring possession, control, or title, or lending on the security
of the property.
10. "Services" means labor, professional service, transportation, telephone, mail or other
public service, gas, electricity and other public utility services, accommodations in
hotels, restaurants, or elsewhere, admission to exhibitions, and use of vehicles or
other property.
11. "Stolen" means property which has been the subject of theft or robbery or a vehicle
which is received from a person who is then in violation of section 12.1-23-06.
12. "Threat" means an expressed purpose, however communicated, to:
a. Cause bodily injury in the future to the person threatened or to any other
person;
b. Cause damage to property;
c. Subject the person threatened or any other person to physical confinement or
restraint;
d. Engage in other conduct constituting a crime;
e. Accuse anyone of a crime;
f. Expose a secret or publicize an asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to
subject a person living or deceased, to hatred, contempt, or ridicule or to impair
another's credit or business repute;
g. Reveal any information sought to be concealed by the person threatened;
h. Testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect
to another's legal claim or defense;
i. Take or withhold official action as a public servant, or cause a public servant to
take or withhold official action;
j. Bring about or continue a strike, boycott, or other similar collective action to
obtain property or deprive another of his property which is not demanded or
received for the benefit of the group which the actor purports to represent;
k. Cause anyone to be dismissed from his employment, unless the property is
demanded or obtained for lawful union purposes; or
l. Do any other act which would not in itself substantially benefit the actor or a
group he represents but which is calculated to harm another person in a
substantial manner with respect to his health, safety, business, employment,
calling, career, financial condition, reputation, or personal relationship.
Upon a charge of theft, the receipt of property in consideration for taking or
withholding official action shall be deemed to be theft by threat regardless of whether
the owner voluntarily parted with his property or himself initiated the scheme.
13. "Traffic" means:
a. To sell, transfer, distribute, dispense, or otherwise dispose of to another person;
or
b. To buy, receive, possess, or obtain control of, with intent to sell, transfer,
distribute, dispense, or otherwise dispose of to another person.

12.1-23-11. Unauthorized use of personal identifying information - Penalty.
1. As used in this section, "personal identifying information" means any of the following
information:
a. An individual's name;
b. An individual's address;
c. An individual's telephone number;
d. The distinguishing operator's license number assigned to an individual by the
department of transportation under section 39-06-14;
e. An individual's social security number;
f. An individual's employer or place of employment;
g. An identification number assigned to the individual by the individual's employer;
h. The maiden name of the individual's mother;
i. The identifying number of a depository account in a financial institution; or
j. An individual's birth, death, or marriage certificate.
2. A person is guilty of an offense if the person uses or attempts to use any personal
identifying information of an individual, living or deceased, to obtain credit, money,
goods, services, or anything else of value without the authorization or consent of the
individual and by representing that person is the individual or is acting with the
authorization or consent of the individual. The offense is a class B felony if the
credit, money, goods, services, or anything else of value exceeds one thousand
dollars in value, otherwise the offense is a class C felony. A second or subsequent
offense is a class A felony.
3. A violation of this section, of a law of another state, or of federal law that is
equivalent to this section and which resulted in a plea or finding of guilt must be
considered a prior offense. The prior offense must be alleged in the complaint,
information, or indictment. The plea or finding of guilt for the prior offense must have
occurred before the date of the commission of the offense or offenses charged in the
complaint, information, or indictment.
4. A prosecution for a violation of this section must be commenced within six years
after discovery by the victim of the offense of the facts constituting the violation.
5. When a person commits violations of this section in more than one county involving
either one or more victims or the commission of acts constituting an element of the
offense, the multiple offenses may be consolidated for commencement of
prosecution in any county where one of the offenses was committed.
12.1-23-12. Jurisdiction - Conduct outside this state. Notwithstanding section
29-03-01.1, a person who, while outside this state and by use of deception, obtains, deprives, or
conspires, solicits, or attempts to obtain the property of a person within this state or to deprive the
person of property is subject to prosecution under this chapter in the courts of this state. Except
as provided in section 12.1-23-11, the venue is in the county in which the victim resides or any
other county in which any part of the crime occurred.

12.1-23-13. Distribution and use of theft detection shielding devices.
1. A person is guilty of unlawful distribution of a theft detection shielding device if the
person knowingly manufactures, sells, offers for sale, or distributes any laminated or
coated bag or device peculiar to shielding and intended to shield merchandise from
detection by an electronic or magnetic theft alarm sensor.
2. A person is guilty of unlawful possession of a theft detection shielding device if the
person knowingly possesses any laminated or coated bag or device peculiar to and
designed for shielding and intended to shield merchandise from detection by an
electronic or magnetic theft alarm sensor, with the intent to commit theft.
3. A person is guilty of unlawful possession of a theft detection device deactivator or
remover if the person knowingly possesses any tool or device designed to allow the
deactivation or removal of any theft detection device from any merchandise without
the permission of the merchant or person owning or holding the merchandise.
4. A person is guilty of unlawful deactivation or removal of a theft detection device if the
person intentionally deactivates or removes the device from a product before
purchase.
5. A person is guilty of unlawful distribution of a theft detection device deactivator or
remover if the person knowingly manufactures, sells, offers for sale, or distributes
any tool or device designed to allow the deactivation or removal of a theft detection
device from merchandise without the permission of the merchant or person owning
or holding the merchandise.
6. An offense under subsections 1 and 5 is a class C felony. An offense under
subsections 2, 3, and 4 is a class A misdemeanor.

12.1-23-14. Detention of persons suspected of unlawful use or removal of theft
detection devices - Reasonable cause.

1. The activation of an antishoplifting or inventory control device as a result of a person
exiting the establishment or a protected area within the establishment constitutes
reasonable cause for the detention of the person exiting by the owner or operator of
the establishment or by an agent or employee of the owner or operator, provided
sufficient notice has been posted to advise the patrons that the device is being
utilized. Each detention must be made in a reasonable manner and only for a
reasonable period of time sufficient for any inquiry into the circumstances
surrounding the activation of the device or for the recovery of goods.
2. If the taking into custody and detention of the person by a law enforcement officer,
security officer, merchant, or merchant's employee is done in compliance with the
requirements of this section, the law enforcement officer, security officer, merchant,
or merchant's employee may not be held criminally or civilly liable, including any
liability for false arrest, false imprisonment, unlawful detention, malicious
prosecution, intentional infliction of emotional distress, or defamation.

 

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Disclaimer
Please note, the theft law information on this page is provided as a courtesy to help explain theft, shoplifting and stealing laws. There is no guarantee or assurance of reliability or validity. Laws change over time and this page may or may not be current. The code that is provided on this site is an unofficial posting of the State Codes. The files making up this Internet version of the State Codes do not constitute the official text of the State Codes and are intended for informational purposes only. No representation is made as to the accuracy or completeness of these sections. While every effort was made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the statutes available THEFT TALK Online Services shall not be liable or held responsible for any errors or omissions which may occur in these files, they are provided on an "As Is" basis. Use of the information and services are at the sole risk of the user. There is absolutely NO INTENT to provide legal advice or suggest these links can substitute for competent legal advice. For official versions of any state's current laws, the user is directed to that states Revised Statutes, all amendments and cumulative supplements thereto published by that state. Please notify the Webmaster if you find any irregularities in the statutes on this web site. The Webmaster will relay the information to appropriate staff to investigate the irregularities. The printed version of the State Codes should be consulted for all matters requiring reliance on the statutory text. If you were involved in a theft or shoplifting incident you are encouraged to consider taking a theft class, theft course or shoplifting education class such as the one provided by Theft Talk. Research shows theft school and/or theft education can be an effective theft prevention. "THEFT TALK" Online Services is an online theft education, shoplifting education class about stealing, it can be very effective if you want to stop stealing. Evan it was a small theft, a petty theft class or petty theft school could be right for you!

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Theft programs can vary a great deal in terms of content and delivery method. Like many things on the internet they are not always what they "appear" to be. Our research has only found three theft classes offered online that are good and reputable. There are a few theft classes offered that are either a bit deceptive about pricing (i.e., one price is all you really pay), certificate delivery (is it mailed or does it cost more?) or simplythe class does not meet a high professional quality standard. Choose Theft Talk or not - be careful.

A Nationwide Program

TTOS is a Nationwide Company that has a reputation across the Nation for our high quality programs. We have been providing Theft / Shoplifting classes since 1983 as our Theft Talk program.

Some "Online" theft / shoplifting programs are not actually a real online service. These theft classes indicate they are an online program because they can be found and purchased on a web page, but in reality the theft class is really a book you purchase or a download file that you put on your computer. This is really not an online class but rather a product you purchase on the web.

When we say we offer a Online North Dakota Theft / Shoplifting class, we mean "Online."

With our theft class you will register online, create your username/password so that you can log in and out of the program as many times as you want 24/7. You make your Theft / Shoplifting class purchase online. You take all of your coursework online as well. There are no downloads or anything else. The system will "remember" you and all of your scores as you log in and out of our secure system. You will also be able to print the Theft Class Certificate of Completion directly from your screen upon successful completion of the program.

A Workbook Class is available too

As an alternative to the online class, please note we do also offer a workbook/correspondence course for those without internet access.

Credentials, Experience and Qualified

If you are comparing programs we encourage you to make sure you are comparing apples to apples. What is the history of the company providing the course? What kind of experience, education and training qualifies them to offer classes? Was the class written by a professional in the field or by a non-experienced "writer" or "canned" curriculum?

TTOS staff began researching and working with Theft / Shoplifting clients in 1983. At the onset the service was called Theft Talk. Now, TTOS is a nationwide service providing high quality evidence based Theft / Shoplifting services. All TTOS counselors are required to complete rigorous training prior to becoming a certified counselor. All Counselors are required to have a minimum of a Bachelor's Degree and are supervised by staff with a minimum of a Master's Degree.

Can a judge, probation officer or attorney contact the agency to verify credentials?

Of course! If your specific court is not familiar with our program you may wish to print our court approval documentation, (click here to get document). to give them further information. If they contact our office we will also provide them access to our online theft class so they can view the program and its integrity for themselves.

The Psychology of Stealing

What is the program based off of? Is there substance or just feel good babble? The TTOS Theft / Shoplifting class is based on the book The Psychology of Stealing, written by Steven M. Houseworth, MA who is a consultant for TTOS Listed below are the objectives of our program.

OBJECTIVE 1: Empowerment: To assist the client in developing a sense of personal responsibility for each decision they make. Prior to completing our online course each client will acknowledge they are the only one who can stop themselves from stealing.

OBJECTIVE 2: Education: To inform each client of the impact stealing has on others. The purpose is to have each client perceive theft quite differently from how it is typically perceived. In this regard, the second objective is to provide each client with specific information and skills to include in their decision making process. Prior to completing the course each client will associate stealing with the actual impact it always has on others.

OBJECTIVE 3: Victim Awareness: To have each client consider the value he/she places on “others”. This third objective entails having the offender look into him/her self, introspectively and weigh the value placed on SELF vs. the value placed on OTHERS. We are not trying to build the offenders self image. We recognize the importance of this however, our focus is on developing an OTHERS image.

OBJECTIVE 4: Empathy Development: To have each client consider the value he/she places on "others." This objective entails having the offender look into him/herself, introspectively and weigh the value placed on SELF vs. the value placed on OTHERS. Prior to, and long after completing the course each client will question themselves - asking, seriously, how important they believe others really are.

Do they offer a refund policy? What happens if your court does not accept the program?

TTOS stands behind its program and offers a full money back guarantee. Click here to view the TTOS Guarantee.

Why is the TTOS price so reasonable?

At TTOS we strive hard to keep our overhead costs low so that we can pass on the savings to you. We are well aware of all the other financial obligations that were likely placed upon you by the courts. We want you to be successful at completing your court orders. We give you, what we believe to be a solid honest fair price for our service. With our program I am very confident that you will be receiving one of the best Theft / Shoplifting programs available.

For some, an online program is best. No need to take time off work or out of your busy schedule. You complete the course in your home or at any internet connection on your schedule. Our classes are available 24/7. For others, sitting in a group or with a live instructor might be the best option. Either way make sure the program that you utilize measures up.

 

Click Here to Register for your theft Class now!

The TT Online Services™ Inc. Theft / Shoplifting classes

TT Online Services™ Inc. provides Theft / Shoplifting classes as a 4 hour Theft / Shoplifting class or an 8 hour Theft / Shoplifting class. The Theft / Shoplifting curriculum is based on, "The Psychology of Stealing" by our founder, Steven Michael Houseworth, MA. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not focus on laws and punishments - you already know stealing is illegal. A key component of an effective Theft / Shoplifting class is to educate the student about the dangers of mental rehearsing theft behaviors. No Theft / Shoplifting class would be complete if it did not provide new, meaningful and useful information. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes work under the assumption that the way a person thinks guides the way a person behaves. The TT Online Services™ Theft / Shoplifting classes use a cognitive restructuring approach which basically follows the tenant of Norman Vincent Peale (1898 - 1993): "Change your thoughts and you will change your world." Our Theft / Shoplifting classes ask the client to explore their attitudes, values and beliefs. Each of our Theft / Shoplifting classes end asking the client to figure out what they believe, who they are and to identify their value system. To this end, our Theft / Shoplifting classes have a victim focus and work toward understanding and developing empathy.

The TT Online Services™ Theft / Shoplifting classes began in 1983. As practitioners in the criminal justice field it it only made sense to focus on a specialty of theft since most crimes are theft related - theft, shoplifting, burglary, unauthorized use of a vehicle, burglary, robbery, etc.. Our first Theft / Shoplifting class was called Theft Talk and we quickly learned that conducting Theft / Shoplifting classes is a formidable task. Initially we spent most of our time on techniques and, through trial and error, our Theft / Shoplifting class evolved into the Theft / Shoplifting class it is today. Our education, the volumes or research and practice has proven that a Theft / Shoplifting class has little likelihood of being effective unless a key component is included - the attitudes, values and beliefs of the person with the Theft / Shoplifting problem. Theft / Shoplifting clients need to change their thinking if they want to to change their behavior.

What are you going to try to do to me in your Theft / Shoplifting class?

Strangely enough this Theft / Shoplifting question is quite important! It is of high importance to TT Online Services™ that we don't try to do anything to you. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not try to fix you. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not judge you. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not try to force anything on you and have no intent of imposing change on you. Critical to the success of our theft class is the need to: a) be respectful of the client, b) not be judgmental of the client, c) not try to impose "the truth" on the client and d) not try to impose change on the client. Our Theft / Shoplifting class is education oriented and works under the assumption that if you learn you will change your thoughts. If you change your thoughts you will change your behavior, your life and your world. Yes, with great confidence we are strong believers in education, we attribute education to have converted the human animal to the human being. Any change that comes as a result of taking our Theft / Shoplifting classes is change that the client makes. We can take credit for providing meaningful information; the client needs to take credit for changing his/her Theft / Shoplifting behavior. Life gets much better, much happier and becomes more fulfilling once Theft / Shoplifting problems are in the past.

Okay, it is education based, so what can I expect to learn in this Theft / Shoplifting classes?

Our Theft / Shoplifting classes are based on the book by Steven Michael Houseworth, MA, "The Psychology of Stealing." The Theft / Shoplifting class curriculum finds a balance between providing new information and providing Theft / Shoplifting "stuff" you can try, work on, use to deal with a Theft / Shoplifting problem. The education component explains theft in a way you have likely never heard before and then moves right on to asking you to rethink Theft / Shoplifting beliefs you may have that are not true.

What is the best way to take a Theft / Shoplifting class?

Theft / Shoplifting classes come in many forms. The old traditional counselor in a chair method of dealing with people with Theft / Shoplifting problems may be right for you. Counselors, psychologists and some social workers offer their services and, if you have insurance or can afford their fees, you would do well to explore that route. Personally, I recommend a counselor or psychologist for theft issues.

Another popular way to take a Theft / Shoplifting class is by attending an in person Theft / Shoplifting classroom. This form of Theft / Shoplifting class is often available in bigger cities. Basically, there are two forms of in person Theft / Shoplifting classes; there is the Theft / Shoplifting class and the Theft / Shoplifting group . If you don't mind sharing your Theft / Shoplifting problems, or simply prefer a group or classroom setting, a Theft / Shoplifting class or Theft / Shoplifting group might be suited to you.

TT Online Services™ offers two other forms of Theft / Shoplifting classes. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes are offered as an online Theft / Shoplifting class or a Theft / Shoplifting workbook (study at home). As previously noted our Theft / Shoplifting classes are educational in nature. One huge benefit of an online Theft / Shoplifting class is fidelity. Online Theft / Shoplifting classes are delivered consistently the same way for each client and eliminate natural human errors and omissions.

Our workbook Theft / Shoplifting class consists of the same content as the online class but is in a workbook format versus online.

Tell me about the online Theft / Shoplifting class.

It really is pretty simple. The first thing you do is get registered so you can take your online Theft / Shoplifting class - it's free to register, (create an account). Try not to register more than one time, you will likely lose track of usernames and passwords and need to call our help center.

When you register you will be asked to input your email address. This becomes important because after you register for the online Theft / Shoplifting class you will be sent an auto generated email confirming your registration. If you don't get an email right away we suggest you check your spam or junk-mail to see if it is there. You will also be asked for the email address of the person who referred you to our Theft / Shoplifting class (If you have it). It is usually worth taking the time to get that person's email address because that person is sent a confirmation that you got registered for the Theft / Shoplifting class and again when you complete your Theft / Shoplifting class.

Once you are registered you need to pick the Theft / Shoplifting class you want to take: The juvenile or adult version; the impulse control version; the petit theft version (same class but different certificate); the 4 hour class, the 8 hour class.

Pick your class, click on the PayPal/Credit Card icon to pay for your Theft / Shoplifting class and you are ready to go.

Are there added costs or other things to buy?

The TT Online Services™ Online Theft / Shoplifting classes are 100% online. There are no additional items to buy and there are no added costs.

Will the TT Online Services™ Online Theft / Shoplifting class be accepted by the person who referred me to a Theft / Shoplifting class?

TT Online Services™ is a nationwide premier provider of online Theft / Shoplifting classes and has been accepted in every state in the country. That said, there is no national standard for Theft / Shoplifting classes and any judge, probation officer or employer can accept a Theft / Shoplifting class or reject it. We do offer a money back guarantee (be sure to read the details) if our online Theft / Shoplifting class is not accepted.

Can I really take my Theft / Shoplifting class anytime - day or night?

That's right! You can take your Theft / Shoplifting class anytime, day or night, 23 hours a day 7 days a week. You also only need to work on your Theft / Shoplifting class for as long as you want to. Stop and start when you want - the system will remember where you last ended your Theft / Shoplifting class.

Are your Theft / Shoplifting class exams difficult to pass?

Our exams do have fairly high standards. If you want to be sure to successfully complete any one chapter in your online Theft / Shoplifting class you will very likely pass the exam if you simply read the material in that chapter. The only people who report our Theft / Shoplifting class exams to be problematic are the people who tried "skimming" without learning. Our exams are typically reported to be easy after the person actually reads the chapter.

What if I need help, have a problem or need support?

Support for our Theft / Shoplifting customers is very important to TT Online Services™. We offer email support seven days a week 15 hours a day. We provide phone support 10 hours a day on weekdays. We are often available by phone on weekends. You can email support@thefttalk.com and you will typically get a response in one hour or less.

How do I get my Theft / Shoplifting class completion certificate?

After you have completed all of your Theft / Shoplifting class a Completion Certificate is immediately activated and made available to you. If you want TT Online Services™ to mail or email you a certificate, just ask - no added fee. Mailed Theft / Shoplifting class Completion Certificates are embossed and can be sent directly to the person who referred you to our Theft / Shoplifting class.

 

Sign up for your theft class here!

 

 

 

 

A Really Good Choice

Our Theft / Shoplifting class is a convenient way to complete a court ordered, PO, diversion or school required program.

You can take the class from any location in the United States, Europe, Canada or Australia with a computer and internet access. There is nothing to download or print, simply register, log in, pay and begin your class.

Our Courses Include:

24 hour access to your class

Immediate Proof of Enrollment

Start and stop at any time - work at your pace

Use home computer or public library

A world class learning experience

User friendly

Support by phone weekdays, by email 7 days a week

Free Certificate of Completion immediately available upon completion

Our Philosophy

Change your thoughts and you change your world .

~Norman Vincent Peale
(1898 - 1993)

Learn about our money back guarantee

(Click For Details)

 

Theft Class: A TTOS Program

Theft Talk ™

 

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